Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a form of psychotherapy that was developed to resolve symptoms resulting from disturbing and unresolved life experiences. It uses a structured approach to address past, present and future aspects of disturbing memories.
The approach was developed by Francine Shapiro to resolve the development of trauma-related disorders as resulting from exposure to a traumatic or distressing event, such as rape or military combat. Clinical trials have been conducted to assess EMDR’s efficacy in the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In some studies it has been shown to be equivalent to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and exposure therapies, and more effective than some alternative treatments.